Clients are actively involved in the music process -even if it seems that they are just listening. No training or skill or knowledge is required to participate in these activities. It is up to the therapist to design the tasks to target your session goal and to provide you with a successful musical experience.


The five main activity categories are outlined below.

1. Singing and vocalization -You can participate in singing activities even if you chose not to sing!

2. The use of instruments -Instruments used range from drums, to piano and guitar, to various percussion instruments from around the world, to classical instruments such as a trombone or flute.

3. Movement -Movement can include song signing, or clapping patterns, or simply swaying to the music.

4. Active listening -Active listening requires some sort of obvious response, from counting how many times the word “rainbow” is sung, to breathing in tempo with the music.

5. Creative venture -This includes everything from listening to a song’s lyrics and writing new ones, to writing a melody, to improvisation with instruments, to using our body to make a rainstorm, to creating music with kitchen utensils.